Horus is one of the oldest and most important gods of the Egyptian Pantheon. Horus was present in some form from the late Predynastic period (around 3100 BCE) through to Greco-Roman times.
The Wedjat Eye, or Eye of Horus, was a symbol of protection in ancient Egypt, worn to ensure the health and safety and provide wisdom and prosperity to the bearer.
There are variations to the origin of this symbol. In one such story Horus lost his left eye in a battle with Seth, the god of chaos and confusion. The goddess Hathor healed the wound for Horus and the wedjat symbolised the process of ‘making whole’.
Horus’ left eye represented the moon and his right eye the sun. In losing and then regaining his sight the symbol reflects the waxing and waning in the lunar cycle.
The Eye of Horus and the Eye of Ra were originally known as the Eyes of Horus, with his left symbolising the moon and the right the sun. Eventually the right eye symbol became associated with Ra, worshipped as the god of the sun. Click here to learn more about this symbol.